Thursday, February 19, 2009

The 12 Hive in MOSS 2007 Explained

The legendary 12 hive folder is where the OOB system files are located afterSharePoint 2007 installation. 

It is located at "C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12" in a standard MOSS 2007 installation. This folder contains the following sub-directories:

  • ADMISAPI - This folder maps to IIS virtual directory  for SharePoint Central Administration web service
  • BIN - MOSS utilities binary files such as STSADM.EXE. Sub-directory LCIDD stores language specific binary files in individual folders for each language. 
  • CONFIG - As the name suggests configuration files used by MOSS
  • Data - Indexing services save indexes here.
  • HCCab - A set of cab files containing manifest and content information used by the SharePoint help sytem are stored in LCID subdirectory
  • Help - The help files used by the configuration wizard
  • ISAPI - This folder maps to IIS virtual directory "_vti_bin" and stores all the standard Web Services for SharePoint except SharePoint Central Administration.
  • LOGS - SharePoint logs.
  • Resources - Localization resources for SharePoint sites
  • TEMPLATE - The templates for a SharePoint web site. The features and xml files are also stored in subdirectories of this folder.

A snapshot of 12 hive folder (Click image to zoom)

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